Attraction Details

Giza

Giza

?
Giza on the Nile River
Giza on the Nile River
Flag of Giza
Flag
Giza is located in Egypt
Giza
Giza
Location in Egypt
Giza is located in Lower Egypt
Giza
Giza
Location in Lower Egypt
view on map
Country  Egypt
Governorate Giza
Area
 • Total 1,579.75 km2 (609.94 sq mi)
Elevation 19 m (62 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 3,628,062
 • Density 2,300/km2 (5,900/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) (+20) 2
Website www.giza.gov.eg

Giza (/'gi?z?/; sometimes spelt Gizah or Jizah; Coptic: ? Giza; Egyptian Arabic: el-Giza), is the third largest city in Egypt. It is located on the west bank of the Nile, some 20 km (12.43 mi) southwest of central Cairo. Along with Cairo Governorate, Shubra El-Kheima, Helwan, 6th October City and Obour, the five form Greater Cairo metropolis. The city of Giza is the capital of the Giza Governorate, and is located near the northeast border of this governorate in coordinates. It is located right on the banks of the River Nile. The city's population was 2,681,863 in the 2006 national census, while the governorate had 6,272,571 at the same census. Its large population made it the world's second largest suburb in 2006, tied with Incheon, South Korea and Quezon City, Philippines, second only to Yokohama, Japan.

Giza is most famous as the location of the Giza Plateau: the site of some of the most impressive ancient monuments in the world, including a complex of ancient Egyptian royal mortuary and sacred structures, including the Great Sphinx, the Great Pyramid of Giza, and a number of other large pyramids and temples. Giza has always been a focal point in Egypt's history due to location in respect to Memphis, the ancient capital.

The Great Pyramid of Giza at one time was advocated (1884) as the location for the Prime Meridian, a reference point used for determining a base longitude.

Leave a comment


Name
Email
Comments

User Comments