Attraction Details

  • China
  • Guozijian (Beijing)

Guozijian (Beijing)

Coordinates: view on map
The glazed paifang at the entrance of the Beijing Guozijian
The Biyong Palace inside the Guozijian
The Emperor's reading room with an imperial throne
A room houses traditional Chinese instruments

The Beijing Guozijian (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Beijing GuĆ³zijian), located at the Guozijian (Chengxian) Street in Beijing, China, was the imperial college (Guozijian) during the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, and the last Guozijian of China. Most of the Beijing Guozijian's buildings were built during the Ming Dynasty and it remains an important heritage site in China. During the Hundred Days' Reform of the Qing Dynasty, the education and administration of education functions of Guozijian was mainly replaced by the Imperial Capital University (also translated as Imperial University of Peking), later known as Peking University. In 1905, Guozijian was finally shut down.

The Guozijian, often translated into English as the Imperial Academy or Imperial College was the national central institute of learning in ancient Chinese dynasties. It was the highest institute of learning in China's traditional educational system. Emperors in imperial China would also frequently visit the Guozijian to read Confucian classics to thousands of students.

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